Plant id – Variegated Solomon’s seal

(Question)

Can you kindly help me identify these leaves?
Photo1306

(Answer)

Thank you for submitting this photo of what appears to be 2 types of Solomon’s seal, Polygonatum spp.  The variegated Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum odoratum ‘Variegatum’) possess broad green leaves with creamy white edges.  The non-variegated Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum biflorum) is a much larger variety of this species.

In both species, the leaves have noticeable parallel veins, are arranged alternately along the stem and reach between three and six inches long and a half to two inches wide.  From May-June pairs of white bell-shaped flowers can be seen dangling from the leaf axils underneath.  Eventually, the flowers form into blue-black berries that last into the winter.  The attractive foliage turns a golden yellow color in autumn.

All of the Solomon’s seals do best when planted in part to full shade with rich, moist soil.  However, they are quite well adapted to drier, sandier soil as well. These plants are great as groundcover under shade trees, on the shady side of buildings or in shady flowerbeds.