I would like to learn Fruit tree grafting techniques. can any master gardener help me ?
Grafting is a “horticultural technique whereby tissues from one plant are inserted into those of another so that the two sets of vascular tissues may join together”. This technique is used most often for fruit trees in order to produce specific cultivars of fruit. Fruit trees such as apples do not grow true from seeds–in other words, if one plants the seed of a Fuji apple, the resulting tree will not bear Fuji apples. However, grafting a branch of a Fuji apple tree to the rootstock of an apple tree will produce Fuji apples. One can even have several cultivars growing on one tree. Another advantage of grafting is that a grafted branch will produce apples much more quickly than if one grew a tree from seed.
There are many techniques that can be used. This website outlines the basics of grafting https://www.ag.ndsu.edu/hort/info/fruit/graft/graft.htm
Learning any grafting technique requires a bit of practice and patience–successful grafting, of course, results when the vascular tissues of two plants are connected. Cutting the branches to be joined properly takes some skill.
The most practical way to learn grafting would be to attend a ‘course’ taught by someone with experience; people who own or work in a fruit tree orchard would most likely be able to show you some of the basic techniques. In Toronto, a tree pruning and grafting workshop will be taking place soon. Contact: https://atthebarns.org/ai1ec_event/tree-pruning-education-workshop/.
Youtube videos can also be excellent resources in learning the different types of grafting. Check out this video: (please copy and paste) www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jy1Ca8RotRI . Even though it shows one technique, it is very informative. There are others that show other techniques.
We hope that these suggestions will be helpful to you. Thank you for contacting the Toronto Master Gardeners.