Plant id – Yucca


Please identify the plant in this picture – I think its a Yucca – which one?



Your plant is indeed a yucca.  

It is most likely a Yucca filamentosa, also known commonly as Adam’s needle.  Generally, a filamentosa will have thread-like exfoliating margins along the sword-like foliage (can’t see them in the photo).

However, it could be Yucca flaccida, which is very similar to Yucca filamentosa, but without the ‘filaments’ along the leaf blades.  It is considered by some taxonomists to be a variety or form of the species filamentosa rather than a separate species.

Several cultivars exist that have yellow streaks through the leaf blade – they are:

  • Yucca filamentosa ‘Bright Edge’ – green foliage with a clearly demarcated thin yellow margin.
  • Yucca filamentosa ‘Color Guard’ – a better substitute for “Golden Sword’, as it has a more crisply defined yellow stripe running down the center of the blade.
  • Yucca flaccida ‘Golden Sword’ – green-margined foliage has broad and ill-defined yellow streaks in the center of the leaf blade.
Your picture doesn’t show such coloration.  The foliage of another variety, Yucca filamentosa ‘Hofer Blue’ has a slightly bluish cast.  It is blue-silver to blue-green in spring, fading to green-blue in winter.
All this being said, your plant may just be a very striking Yucca filamentosa.  Judging from the picture, it provides a bold and dramatic accent in your garden.  It is a plant that is suited to an urban environment as it is tolerant of pollution, various soils, heat and drought (as long as it has good drainage).  The flower stalk is very showy and will last for quite some time.  It is definitely a low-maintenance plant.  Enjoy!
For further information regarding yuccas and their care, please check the link below: