How to Grow Thyme: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

Thyme (Thymus vulgaris). Of the dozens of varieties of thyme that are available, the one most often grown for culinary use is so-called “common” or “English” thyme (Thymus vulgaris).  Thyme is a 15 to 25-centimetre-tall shrubby perennial, hardy to Zone…

How to Grow Sweet Marjoram: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

Sweet Marjoram (Origanum majorana, sometimes known as Marjorana hortensis). Sweet marjoram is an easy-to-grow annual herb in the same family as oregano, but with a milder flavour. It can be used fresh or dried in a variety of dishes. Cultivation:…

How to Grow Summer Savory: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

Summer Savory (Satureja hortensis). Summer savory is grown for its spicy-tasting leaves that lend themselves to meat and bean dishes. It is one of the most popular herbs in Eastern Canada. Summer savory forms a mound-shaped plant about 35 centimetres…

How to Grow Stevia: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana). Stevia, sometimes known as Sweetleaf, is a native of South America grown for its sweet-tasting leaves. Stevia can be used as a sugar substitute and is reportedly 200-300 times sweeter by weight than cane sugar. Cultivation: Stevia…

How to Grow Sage: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

Sage (Salvia officinalis). So-called “culinary sage” is a short-lived perennial herb, hardy to Zone 4 or 5, whose strongly flavoured leaves can be used in many meat and vegetable dishes. Sage can be used fresh or dried. NOTE: There are…

How to Grow Parsley: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

Parsley – curly-leaved (Petroselinum crispum) and flat-leaved (Petroselinum crispum var. neapolitanum). Both curly-leaved and flat-leaved parsley are commonly used as garnish or for flavouring. Curly-leaved parsley makes an attractive, compact addition to borders and planters. Flat-leaved parsley forms a bigger,…

How to Grow Oregano: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

Oregano (Origanum vulgare var. hirtum). Oregano, the so-called “pizza herb,” is closely related to sweet marjoram (Origanum majorana). For the best flavour, seek out Greek oregano (Origanum vulgare var. hirtum) from a reputable grower or seed supplier. Avoid common oregano…

How to Grow Mint: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

Mint (Mentha spp). Mint is a perennial herb that is hardy to Zone 5 or lower. Mint is grown for its leaves, which are used to make mint teas as well as many cooked dishes. There are several different varieties,…

How to Grow Lemongrass: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus). The bulbous stems of this aromatic tropical grass are used often in Thai and Vietnamese cooking. Lemongrass cannot tolerate frost so it is either grown as an annual outdoors or in a container that can be moved…

How to Grow Lemon Balm: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis). Lemon balm is a perennial herb hardy to Zone 5. Grown for its lemon-scented leaves, lemon balm can be used fresh in salads and vinegars or dried to make teas. Cultivation: Lemon balm is easy to…