• Evergreens Suitable for Hedging: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

    White cedar or arborvitae (Thuja occidentalis) makes an excellent, fine-textured evergreen hedge. Photo: Helen Battersby Hedges are a functional feature in many gardens. They can be small or large, formal or informal. They can also function to break a long…

  • Growing Trees and Shrubs Organically: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

    In partnership with the City of Toronto, the Toronto Master Gardeners developed a series of Gardening Guides / Fact Sheets on organic gardening topics. To read the Guide on growing trees and shrubs organically, just click here.…

  • Pruning Roses: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

    Rosa 'Floral Fairytale' is a compact rose that requires only light pruning. Photo: Helen Battersby This gardening guide provides introductory information about when and how to prune roses. The appropriate pruning techniques depend on the type of rose and the…

  • Planting a Tree: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

    Correct planting of any tree is one of the keys to good tree health and long life. “The true meaning of life is to plant trees under whose shade you do not expect to sit.”  Nelson Henderson The key to…

  • Growing Japanese Maples: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

      A mature Acer palmatum 'Bloodgood' Japanese maple catches the sunlight. (Photo: Helen Battersby) Did you know? There are many cultivars of Japanese maple, most of which grow only in Japan and surrounding areas. This gardeningguides deals with those that…

  • Blooming Deciduous Trees and Shrubs: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

      Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is very showy in spring. (Photo: Helen Battersby) Deciduous trees and shrubs are plants that lose their leaves in the fall. Trees are generally single stemmed while shrubs tend to be multi-stemmed plants. In the…

  • Ornamental Shrubs for Various Light Conditions: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

      Flowering quince (Chaenomeles japonica) is dramatic in flower and can also produce fruit, used in jam-making. (Photo: Helen Battersby) Shrubs are woody perennials that produce multiple stems, shoots and branches from the base of the plant. Generally, they survive…

  • The Art of Bonsai: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

      A bonsai tree from the Sun Yat-Sen Classical Chinese Garden in Vancouver. (Photo: Helen Battersby) Bonsai is the Japanese name for the art of growing trees in small containers and has been a tradition in China and Japan for…