Raspberry Canes Useful as Homes for Solitary Bees

Re: raspberries (Rubus), I see that you recommended removing one-third of the oldest stems each year in order to maintain vigorous newer productive growth. Have you recommended on your site making those stems available as nest sites for native solitary…

Spring Cleanup – Perennials

When is the best time to clean up the yard to prepare for the coming season (it is the end of March)?  I am concerned about weather conditions and new growth.  In particular, I have a variety of perennials –…

Spring Clean-up: A Toronto Master Gardener Guide

Spring clean-up is an annual event. We now know to resist the urge to clean up the garden until temperatures are consistently above 10°C or 50°F. Many butterflies, pollinators and other beneficial insects overwinter in the dead leaves and hollowed…