When to plant seeds

Hello! I want to plant French bean seeds as well as orange cosmos seeds in my Zone 5 (Toronto) garden. Is it too early to plant them given the unseasonally cool weather we’re having? Is there a temperature that I…

Cosmos problems

new to gardening; planted several cosmos in planters, 3 or so plants per planter. Plants now turning brown and dying; leaves are “crisp” and crumble when touched and stem is hollow? Google suggests bacterial disease. What is happening and can…

Drought Tolerant Annuals: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

  As annual plants complete their lifecycle in a single season the concept of drought tolerance is a bit moot. Unlike perennials that can become drought tolerant after they are well established, our Southern Ontario short growing season means that…