After care for variety of flowers planted

(Question)

Hello there, below is the list of plants we planted this week. We are looking for care directions for each one of these along with type of fertilizer, bloom time and disease control info. I tried google but it doesn’t help a lot in most cases.
Property info:
Frontage: West, full sun; Soil type: black loamy-ish to good?! (not sure, sorry) ;
Flowers planted are:
Iceberg floribunda; Don juan (added bone meal with banana & egg shell in the soil before planting roses3 weeks back); calla lilies; phlox paniculata; Asiatic lilies; Delphinium; Columbine; Marigolds (as edgers); Everything planted in front lawn, garden bed.

We are also planting seedlings of following vegetables in planters and keeping on the deck which gets about 7 hours of sun:
Tomatoes; chilly peppers; spinach; fenugreek; coriander; basil; parsley.
Can you please suggest fertilizer and fertilizing + disease control care schedule for plants + veggies?

This is our first time planting and we really appreciate and look forward for your time and help.

Thank you!

(Answer)

Congratulations on your new garden!  You have a nice selection of perennials (plants that live over from year to year), such as your rose, phlox, Asiatic Lilies, delphinium and columbine and annuals such as your marigolds (which live only one season but may self-seed the next year).  Your Zantedeschia aethiopica, the Calla lily, is a tender perennial whose bulb must be lifted in the fall, stored in a cool dry place and replanted in the spring.  And then you have your vegetables and herbs.  It can be overwhelming to try to consider the specific requirements and challenges with each of these plants, but an overview of general plant care should see you through the season.

One of the most important aspects of gardening is the quality of your soil, and before worrying about adding additional fertilizers, or disease and pest control for individual plants, you should think about adding organic material in the form of compost in your garden beds.  You should use a lighter weight medium such as an organic potting mix plus an organic fertilizer such as hen manure pellets in your containers.  Here is a guide on what constitutes organic fertilizers which you might find useful as a starting point: https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/garden-how-to/soil-fertilizers/types-of-organic-fertilizer.htm.  Good soil will give your new plants the best possible conditions in which to thrive and fight off pests and diseases.  New plants require frequent watering so that their roots can establish.  Make sure that you keep your plants well irrigated, and remember that containers dry out much more quickly than garden beds.

Growing vegetables in containers is very satisfying.  Here it is advisable to add a fertilizer, which could be in the form of pellets, or a water-soluble fertilizer to be used when you are watering your containers.  Look in your local nursery for fertilizers that are specially formulated for vegetables.

For further reference, and to help get you started, here is a good article about getting started on a container vegetable garden, and a Toronto Master Gardener’s guides to growing vegetables and herbs:

http://www.canadianliving.com/crafts/home_and_garden/6_easy_steps_for_container_vegetable_gardening.php

http://www.torontomastergardeners.ca/index.php/factsheet/organic-vegetable-gardening-a-toronto-master-gardeners-guide/

http://www.torontomastergardeners.ca/index.php/factsheet/growing-herbs-a-toronto-master-gardeners-guide/